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INTRODUCTION TO

THE NEW TESTAMENT

Hover Above To See

Dropdown List Of The Entire

New Testament Books.

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Just to be clear, we should not be labeling the New Testament as the New Testament.  Jesus said (argue with Him) that it is the “New Covenant,” Matthew 26:28 and Luke 22:20, the “Brit Hadashah,” as well pointed out in the “Freiberg Manuscript,” “HS314.”  See my Bible Study:  “COVENANTS, THE OLD & NEW,” to understand that a “Covenant” is an “agreement” between you and God to do His Will.  Whereas a “Testament” is just a recording of events.  In other words, “Testament” does not make it a two-sided relationship the way that a “Covenant” does.

The largest claim of the New Testament is NOT that Jesus, The Christ, is God.  That is the second most claim.  The first and largest claim of the New Testament is that Jesus, The Christ, fulfilled ALL the claims of the Old Testament, thus meaning that He is the Messiah, He is God.  See my Bible Study:  “CHRIST, PROPHECIES FULFILLED OF MESSIAH’S FIRST COMING.”

 

The New Testament has Its branches deeply embedded into the Old Testament, from which It draws Its nourishment and out of which It bears fruit.  To belittle or neglect the Old, is to cut the New from Its source of growth and deprive the New of life and power.

 

The New Testament has the most broadly attested documentation in antiquity.  That equates to the greatest number of Manuscripts in the original language; which is approximately 5,686 (at the time of this writing) in Konie Greek (common street language Greek).  We have the most Manuscripts in translation, i.e., Old Latin; Syriac; Ethiopic, Armenian, Gothic and many others.

 

We have far more attestations of Scripture in antiquity than any other historical works.  For example, of the approximately 15,600 lines that make up “Homer’s Classic,” 764 lines are in question.  These 764 lines represent over 5% of the entire text; and yet nobody seems to question the general integrity of that ancient work.  When the critics want to question the New Testament, then they must also question the validity of other ancient writings such as Plato, Aristotle, and Homer.  Plus, it is well known that the New Testament documents are better-preserved and more numerous than any other ancient writings.  And because they are so numerous, they can be cross checked for accuracy.  And when they are, they turn out to be very consistent; as opposed to Homer’s writings; again, of which are considered to be very reliable.  And Plato, his writings we only have 7 manuscripts, of which the oldest is 1,400 years after the original.

 

Therefore, if we are going to be skeptics, we must also be skeptics of all of the writings of antiquity.  And in another demonstration of authenticity, the earliest known manuscript which contains portions of the Book of John in the Bible has been dated in around 125 A.D.  That puts it less than 75 to 100 years within the original writings of John.  Whereas, the closest writings of accepted ancient writers (Plato, Aristotle, and Homer) are 500 to 1000-year-old copies from their original.

 

If we look at what is determined as a “Controlled Translation” of the text, that would include the New World Translation (Jehovah’s Witnesses Bible); the Book of Mormon (Mormonism; Example, when comparing “Doctrines and Covenants” dated editions 1833 & 1835, over 400 changed words are found); and for a period of at least 50 years after the death of Mohamed, The Koran.  In other words, whoever is in “control” of the translation (changing) of the text, is the master of it.  By contrast, the Christian Bible (KJV) is a “Free Bible.”  Once released to the public it has never been under the “control” of anyone.  You can verify this last statement by understanding that no one can publish the KJV and claim they have a “Copyright” to their publication.  Thus, there is no parallel to be established that the New Testament has been changed for any reason.

 

One scholar has compiled a list of 2,688 specific references from the New Testament that quote from the Old Testament.  Specifically, 400 from Isaiah, 370 from the Psalms, 220 from Exodus, and so on.  If one were to add to this list allusions, themes, and motifs, the number would greatly increase.  The New Testament authors are replete with references to the Old Testament that are often introduced with the phrase, “It is written,” Matthew 2:5; Mark 1:2; 7:6; Luke 2:23; 3:4; Romans 3:4; 8:36; 9:33; First Corinthians 1:19; Galatians 4:27; First Peter 1:16.  All of this confirms that the Old Testament Scriptures are the foundation upon which the teachings of Jesus and the apostles rest.

 

“The Old and the New Testament are inseparable, for Both are the teachings of Christ.  The doctrine of the Jews, who accept only the Old Testament, is not unto salvation, since they reject the Saviour Whose life and ministry was a fulfillment of the Law and the prophecies.  And the doctrine of those who [255]

 

“discard the Old Testament is not unto salvation, because it rejects that which is direct testimony of Christ.  Skeptics begin with discounting upon the Old Testament, and it takes but another step to deny the validity of the New, and thus both are rejected.”  2SP:255-256.

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